Update: 18:12 | 05/05/2020
(BGO) - Music in general and folk songs of ethnic minority groups in particular originate from production activities and the real life of people. Those folk songs come from mountains, forests, grass, trees or the love of a couple.
Currently, many forms of folk singing of ethnic minority groups in Luc Ngan district (Bac Giang province) are preserved, restored and promoted, and the ethnic groups have gradually become aware of the importance of conserving their cultural identities.
Singing San Chi folk songs at the cultural and sports festival of ethnic groups in Luc Ngan district.
Luc Ngan is a mountainous district. In 1996, the district Party Committee and People's Committee directed the restoration of the traditional folk singing activity at Chu market in the center of the district on the 18th day of the second lunar month every year and highland market days (Thac Luoi market in Tan Son).
Markets in Luc Ngan have unique cultural activities. People come to the markets not only to buy and sell agricultural, forestry and fishery products but also to meet, date and find each other through love-exchange songs. The annual ethnic folk singing festival has created a traditional cultural activity for the ethnic minority people in the mountainous district of Luc Ngan every spring.
In 2002, the Ministry of Culture and Information (now the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) issued Decision No. 752 QD-BVHTT on the implementation of the project "Building and developing the culture of the mountainous district of Luc Ngan in the 2001-2010 period”.
Since then, the ethnic folk singing activity has been upgraded to the Culture - Sports Festival of ethnic groups in Luc Ngan district. It is now one of the largest regional-scale festivals in the province. In 2012, the San Chi and Cao Lan folk songs were recognized as the national intangible cultural heritage by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.
In order to conserve and develop folk songs, the district People's Committee has poured cash into collecting ethnic groups’ folk songs and opening classes teaching Nom (a Vietnamese writing system largely based on Chinese calligraphy), which is often used to record folk songs, while encouraging the formation of clubs.
The district has established 32 folk songs clubs. Some people have been awarded the title of Meritorious Artisan. However, as the ways of organizing activities are not diverse, with the lack of new elements and songs, the activities are yet to be attractive to young people.
From the above reality, the problem raised here is that the State should have a scheme for preserving and promoting ethnic minority groups’ folk songs. The first job is to regularly maintain folk songs clubs at the grassroots level. Besides, it's time to reconsider the organization of singing activities on stage. Accordingly, stage should only used for singing competitions, shows and festivals.
It is necessary to focus on arranging places and cultural spaces for singing folk songs... In addition, it is possible to study the teaching of folk songs during extra-curricular activities of schools, especially boarding ethnic minority schools; and organize contests to collect and learn about traditional folk songs...
At the same time, the district will continue to direct the organization of folk singing activities as well as form cultural addresses to attract tourists and introduce typical products of Luc Ngan land.
In order to preserve and promote the values of folk songs of ethnic minorities in Luc Ngan in association with socio-economic development, in addition to the local efforts, it needs more attention of agencies at all levels and sectors.
The above-mentioned measures will be conditions to enhance the richness of national identity, contributing to the successful implementation of Resolution No. 33-NQ./TW on building and developing the Vietnamese culture and people meeting the requirements of sustainable national development.
Le Xuan Thang,
Chairman of the Fatherland Front Committee of Luc Ngan district