Convergence of cultural colors

Update: 07:00 | 10/02/2019

(BGO) - Being a midland mountainous province in northeastern Vietnam located on an arterial road connecting the capital city of Hanoi with Lang Son province, Bac Giang is a meeting place of many cultures. Geographical and topographic conditions and co-existence of many ethnic groups have created a culturally diverse Bac Giang.

Being an ancient land, Bac Giang saw the presence of people very early. Stone tools of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age about 20,000 years ago in Chu (Luc Ngan district), Khe Tau, An Chau (Son Dong district), and Bo Ha (Yen The district) have proved that. The Bac Ly and Xuan Giang (Hiep Hoa district) bronze drums are typical cultural relics bearing the imprint of the Dong Son culture. 
Convergence of cultural colors, Bac Giang province, arterial road, meeting place, Geographical and topographic conditions, culturally diverse Bac Giang

Singing with pipes in Lien Chung commune (Tan Yen district).

In particular, the discovery of the Dong Lam archaeological site (Hiep Hoa district) is evidence of the survival and development of part of the ancient Vietnamese people who existed more than 3,000 years ago in Bac Giang.

Experiencing the next eras, the communities in Bac Giang gathered into villages and hamlets. The working life of people brought to this land the prosperous villages with typical religious and belief works, unique folk festivals, traditional handicraft villages, and special folk songs and dances.

Bac Giang has witnessed many important events in the history of the nation, which also left in this land the historical - cultural relics with many unique forms and values. They are Duc La Pagoda - one of the three "peaks" of the "Buddhist triangle" (Dau- Yen Tu - Duc La), and Bo Da Pagoda with more than 100 ancient towers, proving the vitality of a Buddhist center in the Kinh Bac region.

Besides, there are ancient communal houses with outstanding architectural values among the remaining communal houses in the country such as Lo Hanh, Phu Lao, Huong Cau and Tho Ha; or clusters of unique stone tombs under the Le dynasty like Dinh Huong, Ngo family’s, and Bau; then Xuong Giang citadel and relics relating to the struggle against the Ming invaders, and the Yen The Uprising relic system. Next are the revolutionary historical relics, typically the system of Hiep Hoa ATK relics.

According to the results of the 2007 general relics inventory, there were 2,237 relics in Bac Giang. As of December 31, 2017, the province had 711 ranked relics. Associated with the relics are festivals. Festivals in Bac Giang are diverse in genre, large in quantity, beautiful in form and lively in content. They are seen in most villages in Bac Giang which have communal houses and pagodas.

We can mention large and unique folk festivals like Tho Ha festival (Viet Yen district), Tieu Mai rowing festival (Hiep Hoa district), and An Chau festival (Son Dong district). There are unique folk festivals which are only seen in Bac Giang, such as the mud ball wrestling festival in Van village, Van Ha commune (Viet Yen district), and new festivals with strong vitality like Yen The and Xuong Giang festivals.

In addition, handicrafts in Bac Giang also appeared quite early. The crafts have always existed and developed, not only creating unique cultural nuances but also being a place preserving sustainable ancient practices. Some typical craft villages include Tho Ha pottery village, Tang Tien bamboo and rattan village, Van village winemaking (Viet Yen); Da Mai vermicelli village - one of the four oldest vermicelli making villages in the North; and Ke dry cake village (Bac Giang city).

Mentioning Bac Giang, we are very proud of the cultural and academic traditions. In feudal times, Bac Giang had 57 people holding doctorate degrees and most of them were bright stars recorded in history, notably first doctoral candidate Giap Hai and Dr. Than Nhan Trung ... With the tradition of learning fondness, Bac Giang had villages called "doctoral villages" such as Yen Ninh and Song Khe. And today, we are also very proud of a contemporary doctoral village - Cam Xuyen village, Xuan Cam commune (Hiep Hoa district) - with up to 18 doctors.

Convergence of cultural colors, Bac Giang province, arterial road, meeting place, Geographical and topographic conditions, culturally diverse Bac Giang

Keeping traditional brocade weaving craft in Khe Nghe hamlet, Luc Son commune (Luc Nam district).

Vietnamese people in Bac Giang can sing folk songs with tubes and drums, Ca tru (ceremonial singing), quan ho (love duet), tuong (classic opera) and cheo (traditional opera)... These folk songs have created the cultural identity of Vietnamese people in Bac Giang with traditional tuong and cheo singing villages. Those are Ha cheo village (Tan Yen district) and Hoang Mai cheo village (Viet Yen), along with quan ho villages such as Mai Vu, Noi Ninh, Gia Son, Huu Nghi, Tho Ha, Sen Ho and Trung Dong, among others ...

There is also a rich intangible culture treasure of ethnic minority people. They are: Sli-luon of Tay-Nung people, Cnang-coo of San Chi people, Sinh ca of Cao Lan people, Soong co of San Diu people, Pao dung of Dao people and Son ca of Hoa (Chinese) people. Together with folk songs, ethnic groups in Bac Giang also have their own unique, special dances which are accompanied by traditional folk instruments to create their unique cultural identities.


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Nguyen Thu Minh

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