Legends of Nham Bien mountain range

Update: 15:06 | 24/04/2018

(BGO) – Nham Bien mountain range is compared to a yoke carrying the silver stripes of Nhat Duc and Nguyet Duc, which are the Thuong and Cau Rivers. It not only boasts exceptionally beautiful landscapes but also owns legends of the land and people of Bac Giang.

Legends, Nham Bien, mountain range, Bac Giang province, silver stripes, beautiful landscapes, necessary conditions, phoenixes, important military position

Visitors to Mount Vua Ba in Nham Bien mountain range.

From Xuan Phu commune, Nham Bien with 99 peaks stretches through Tan Lieu, Nham Son, Tien Phong and Yen Lu communes of Yen Dung district to the southern bank of the Cau River in Van Trung commune of Viet Yen district.

Legend has it that one upon a time, a king was seeking a land to set up his imperial city. Coming to this area, he realised that landscapes here were beautiful while local people were hardworking, which was a favourable land gathering all necessary conditions to become a capital city. One day, 100 phoenixes flew across Nham Bien and perched on 99 peaks. However, the leading bird was unable to find its place, so it flew away. The 99 other phoenixes also followed their leader to fly away. After seeing this scene, the king thought that he would not succeed in his important affair, so he left to seek another land to establish the capital. Later generations listened to this story told by their ancestors and felt regretful, they called their hometown as the “land of flying phoenixes.”

The 99 peaks of Nham Bien bear their own names which are associated with their legends such as Non Vua, Vua Ba, Ong Lao, Banh Kieu, Cot Co, Ham Long, and Mam Xoi. On the peak of Mount Non Vua, people can find a stone chessboard and a well with pure water all year round. Legend has it that in the past, 11 fairies often descended to Nham Bien mountain range to enjoy poetic landscapes and play chess on this stone.

In the era of Hung Kings, the legendary founder of Vietnam, Nham Bien held an important military position. It was chosen by Cao Son and Quy Minh, two eminent generals of Hung Kings, to be the place for their troops to lie in ambush to protect the country’s border. After peace was restored, the generals asked for the king’s permission to reside in this land to simultaneously protect the country’s territory, reclaim wild land and teach local people to farm crops. To pay tribute to them, local people worshiped them as the gods of their villages.

During the resistance war against the Tong (Song) invaders, Nham Bien was also a strategic area in the south of the Nhu Nguyet battle line (Cau River).

In the Tran Dynasty, Nham Bien was where the residence of Grand Chancellor Tran Thu Do was located. Local residents believed that Mounts Banh Kieu and Non Vua were where Tran Thu Do placed palanquins to invite the king to come to watch him fight a monster snake to save local people.

Legends, Nham Bien, mountain range, Bac Giang province, silver stripes, beautiful landscapes, necessary conditions, phoenixes, important military position

A view from Mount Vua Ba to Nham Bien mountain range.

Nowadays, Thanh Nhan Temple, Dong Huong Temple and many other relic sites along the foot of Nham Bien mountain range are dedicated to Tran Thu Do and Queen Tran Thi Dung.

Nham Bien was also the headquarters of Hoang Hoa Tham’s troops who fought French colonialists. Relics of houses, wells and citadel walls of the insurgent army now can be found after Kem Pagoda in the foot of Nham Bien. Mount Cot Co of the mountain range was where Hoang Hoa Tham started the uprising.

There remain a number of legends of Nham Bien mountain range passed down from previous generations. Visiting Yen Dung district and Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Zen Monastery and listening to stories about Nham Bien will be magnets for tourists once they come to Bac Giang.

Dong Ngoc Duong

 
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